Science Degrees: What are They?

In the ever-evolving landscape of education and career opportunities, the realm of science degrees holds a treasure trove of possibilities. Are you curious about what lies behind terms like “bachelor of science,” “STEM major,” or “online science degrees”?

If you’re pondering college majors, degree programs, and the exciting prospects of science fields, you’ve come to the right place. Let’s unravel the mysteries of science degrees together, exploring the diverse avenues they open up, from lucrative careers to innovative breakthroughs.

What are Science College Majors?

Science college majors encompass a wide range of academic programs that focus on scientific disciplines and their applications. These majors are typically pursued at the bachelor’s level and fall under the umbrella of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) fields. A bachelor of science degree, or B.S., is awarded upon completion of these programs. Science college majors cover diverse subjects such as biology, chemistry, physics, computer science, mathematics, environmental science, and more. 

These majors equip students with a solid understanding of foundational scientific principles, critical thinking skills, and problem-solving abilities. They often incorporate hands-on laboratory work and research projects to provide practical experience. Graduates with science degrees can pursue various career paths, including research, healthcare, technology, engineering, and more. With the rise of online colleges, it’s now possible to earn science degrees through online programs, offering flexibility to learners. Overall, science college majors pave the way for rewarding careers and contribute to advancements in various industries.

Science Fields

Science fields encompass a diverse array of disciplines that focus on the study of the natural world, its phenomena, and its underlying principles. These fields are collectively known as STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics). Here are a few common science fields that are tackled thoroughly in science degrees:


Study of living organisms, their functions, and interactions, contributing to advancements in medicine, agriculture, and environmental conservation.


Exploration of the composition, properties, and reactions of matter, leading to innovations in materials, pharmaceuticals, and energy.


Investigation of fundamental laws governing the universe, enabling breakthroughs in technology, energy sources, and space exploration.

Environmental Science

Understanding ecosystems and the impact of human activities on the environment guides efforts for sustainable practices.


Study of Earth’s structure, processes, and resources, contributing to disaster mitigation, resource management, and climate research.


Exploration of celestial objects and phenomena expands our understanding of the universe and inspires technological advancements.

Computer Science

Computer science is the study of algorithms, data structures, and software development, driving innovations in technology, communication, and automation.

Pursuing a science degree opens up a world of opportunity in the highly in-demand STEM fields. Within the “science” strand of STEM, some top degree options include biology, chemistry, physics, environmental science, and geology. These programs equip students with technical expertise, hands-on lab skills, research abilities, and knowledge to tackle complex scientific challenges.

A science major develops critical thinking, data analysis, and problem-solving abilities valuable for many careers. Students take courses in their specified discipline, like organic chemistry or physics, along with electives in related subjects. Science degrees lead to careers in healthcare, research, education, technology development, policymaking, and more. With a relevant science degree, your job prospects are bright in our tech-driven world.

Modern online colleges have expanded opportunities, allowing learners to attain science degrees through virtual programs, catering to a broader audience. The significance of science fields extends to their pivotal role in shaping advances in medicine, technology, environmental conservation, and beyond, making them indispensable for societal progress.

Here’s a video about the 8 common science degrees:

Types of Science Degrees

Here is a list of the most common types of science degrees: 

Biological Sciences

The biological sciences involve studying living organisms and ecosystems. Graduates with bachelor’s degrees in biological sciences, also known as life scientists, contribute to medical research, environmental conservation, and agriculture, enhancing human well-being and the environment.


Chemistry explores matter and its properties. Graduates in chemistry, known as chemists, play vital roles in pharmaceuticals, materials science, and environmental protection, contributing to innovative materials and technologies.

Environmental Science

Environmental science studies the Earth’s ecosystems. Graduates, called environmental scientists, contribute to sustainable resource management, pollution control, and climate change solutions, safeguarding the planet’s health.


Physics uncovers universal principles. Graduates, known as physicists, drive technological and space exploration advancements, shaping energy generation and cutting-edge discoveries.


Geology studies the Earth’s materials and history. Geologists contribute to resource management, hazard assessment, and understanding dynamic Earth changes, ensuring community safety.


Biochemistry investigates living organisms’ chemical processes. Biochemists, those with biochemistry degrees, contribute to medical research, drug development, and understanding biological functions.

Earth Science

Earth science studies the Earth’s systems. Earth scientists, with degrees in Earth science, contribute to disaster preparedness, resource management, and environmental solutions.

Natural Sciences

The natural sciences encompass diverse disciplines. Natural scientists, graduates in natural sciences, drive discoveries and innovations across biology, chemistry, and physics.


Microbiology studies microorganisms. Microbiologists, graduates with microbiology degrees, contribute to medical research, food safety, and environmental monitoring, promoting public health.


Astronomy explores celestial bodies. Astronomers, or those who have earned a degree in astronomy, contribute to space exploration and the understanding of cosmic phenomena.


Geography studies landscapes. Geographers contribute to environmental conservation, urban planning, and sustainable development through their geographic insights.

Here’s a tier list for Science Degree Majors:

Best Science Degrees in College

The best science majors in college, as recognized by educational sources, encompass a variety of disciplines that reflect the demands of our advancing world. These include Computer Science, Finance, Information Technology, Biology, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Chemistry, and Mathematics. These majors, falling under the umbrella of STEM fields, offer insights into technology, innovation, engineering, and analytical thinking.


A biology degree provides the foundation for careers in healthcare, biotechnology, environmental science, research, and more. Majoring in biology teaches you about living organisms and life processes, ecology, cells, evolution, and genetics. You’ll take courses in chemistry, physics, microbiology, and biochemistry. With a biology degree, you can pursue careers as a physician, pharmacist, biologist, botanist, zoologist, ecologist, or environmental scientist.


Chemistry examines the composition, properties, and interactions of matter. Studying chemistry equips you with lab skills, an understanding of chemicals, and knowledge of procedures for analyzing substances. Chemistry grads can pursue roles as chemists, chemical engineers, pharmacists, healthcare professionals, forensic scientists, nutritionists, toxicologists, and more. The course covers organic, inorganic, analytical, and physical chemistry.


Understanding physics allows you to analyze how the universe behaves. You’ll take courses in mechanics, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, quantum mechanics, relativity, and astrophysics. With a physics degree, you can work as a physicist, engineer, astronomer, mathematician, teacher, pilot, data scientist, and many other fields. A physics education develops excellent problem-solving abilities.

These majors offer diverse career paths and contribute to shaping various aspects of modern society, making them some of the best science majors to pursue in college.

To give you an idea, here are the top 5 science degree majors:

Are There Online Science Degrees?

Yes, there are indeed online science degrees available. With the advancement of technology and the growing popularity of online education, many universities and colleges offer science degree programs that can be completed entirely online. These online science degrees cover a wide range of fields, from computer science and biology to environmental science and engineering.

Online science degrees provide flexibility for individuals who may have work or family commitments, allowing them to pursue higher education while managing their schedules. These programs often include video lectures, interactive assignments, virtual labs, and discussion forums to facilitate learning from a distance.

It’s important to note that while the coursework can be completed online, some science programs might require in-person labs or practical components. However, universities usually provide options for students to fulfill these requirements locally or during intensive on-campus sessions.

Online science degrees are a convenient and accessible way for individuals to gain valuable knowledge and skills in various scientific disciplines, opening doors to numerous career opportunities in the ever-evolving world of science and technology.

Are Science Degrees Worth it?

In the realm of education and careers, the question “Are science degrees worth it?” receives a resounding affirmation. Pursuing a science degree, like a Bachelor of Science, holds inherent value. Science forms the foundation of innovation and progress, and those who engage in it shape our future.

Fields like biology, chemistry, computer science, and engineering offer diverse career prospects and the chance to contribute to society. Science is not just facts; it’s an expedition that fuels your intellect and passion. A Bachelor of Science degree can propel you toward fulfilling careers and a deep understanding of the world. In the realm of science, the answer to “Are science degrees worth it?” is a resolute yes.

With a science degree, you can pursue different career paths. Check out our article about the top jobs for science degree graduates to know which path to take.

The majority of science degrees are worth it. However, there are certain degrees that you should avoid. Here is a video explaining it:

Frequently Asked Questions About Science Degrees

Which science degree is the most respected?

The concept of the most respected science varies based on a range of factors, including the significance each field holds in advancing our understanding of the world. The various science degrees, such as a Bachelor of Science (BSc), offered through college majors and online colleges, span the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) disciplines, commonly known as STEM majors. These STEM major degree programs, including online science degrees, offer an array of science subjects that contribute to our knowledge base.

What are 3 main branches of science degrees?

The three primary branches of science degrees are the natural sciences, the physical sciences, and the social sciences.

The natural sciences encompass disciplines such as biology, which studies living organisms and their interactions; chemistry, which examines the composition, structure, and properties of matter; and physics, which delves into the fundamental laws governing the universe.

The physical sciences, on the other hand, comprise fields like geology, which investigates Earth’s structure and processes; astronomy, which explores celestial bodies and the cosmos; and meteorology, which analyzes weather patterns and atmospheric conditions.

Lastly, the social sciences encompass areas such as psychology, which investigates human behavior and cognition; sociology, which studies societal structures and dynamics; and economics, which examines the allocation of resources and financial systems. There’s also a field called applied sciences. Read our article about it to learn more!

What is the best science degree to have?

Determining the “best” science degree hinges on individual interests, goals, and the ever-evolving demands of the job market. Fields such as computer science, which offers proficiency in coding and software development, are notably sought-after, given the tech-driven landscape. 

Additionally, disciplines like data science, entailing the analysis of large datasets, and artificial intelligence, exploring machine learning and automation, stand out due to their relevance in modern industries.

What is the hardest science degree to get?

Determining the most challenging science degree depends on multiple factors. Fields within science encompass a wide spectrum of complexity, each with its unique demands. For instance, pursuing a degree in theoretical physics might involve grappling with intricate mathematical concepts and abstract theories. Similarly, disciplines like astrophysics or quantum mechanics require a profound understanding of advanced principles.

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